The 465-page report goes on to explain that these practices "may present cybersecurity risks for U.S. users and providers of cloud computing services." China's willingness to combine commerce with spying "represents a potential espionage threat to foreign companies that might use cloud computing services…the Chinese government one day may be able to access data centers outside China through Chinese data centers."
The report also explains that "China’s Ministry of State Security (MSS), the country’s main foreign intelligence collection agency, is closely connected with the Chongqing Special Cloud Computing Zone." This relationship "represents a potential espionage threat to foreign companies that might use cloud computing services provided from the zone or base operations there."
Yet according to a Bloomberg article by Chris Strohm, "The report fails to cite any examples of the Chinese government using [cloud] technology in attacks."